किं स्वरूपमित्यात्मादर्शने | अव्ययाभवा आपुर्णचित्सुखं || (उपदेश सार: २८ )
Kim svaroopamityaatmadarshane| Avyayabhava apurnachitsukham|| (Upadesha sara: 28)
“What is my nature?”, thus enquiring one realizes the Self and knows the Self to be indestructible, unborn, all encompassing, complete Consciousness-Bliss. Bhagavan Ramana Maharshi in his compilation of verses on the Self, “Upadesha Sara”, says that the Self is indestructible, unborn or uncreated, it is free from the limitations of time, space and objects, it is full/complete. It lacks nothing. Eternal, infinite happiness can never be gained through sense enjoyments but only by the knowledge arising from Self enquiry.
The nature of a thing is that which it cannot give up. Like sweetness is the nature of sugar. A thing called sugar ceases to exist if it gives up its sweetness. Fire cannot remain fire if it becomes cold. Also one’s own nature is never a burden to oneself. The poison of a snake is not a danger to itself, even though the poison lies within its own body.
Self knowledge is the realization that I am that Consciousness which enables the intellect to know. Being self evident, the Self illumines all thoughts of knowledge and ignorance (not knowing too). There is no other Consciousness required to know the Self. It is self-illuminating. The Self is also of the nature of eternal happiness. All beings without exception strive to achieve freedom from sorrow and gain happiness. This shows that misery or sorrow is not our nature. If misery was our nature we would never want to get rid of it. It is due to ignorance of this fact of the true nature of our Self that we struggle to gain happiness from objects, situations, experiences outside us.